Here you will find both summarised and detailed information regarding Brunei’s economy and its general state of being. For further research please check the sources at the bottom of the page and do contact me if you have more current and correct information to add.
- Gross Domestic Product
- Inflation Rate
- What is inflation?
- Brunei Inflation Rate
- Reference Sources
The Sultanate of Brunei Darussalam is a small, energy-rich country situated on the northern coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. It is a hot and humid tropical country which borders the South China Sea to the north, Malaysia to the east and west, and Indonesia to the south. Brunei boasts a well-educated, largely English-speaking population; excellent infrastructure; and a stable government intent on attracting foreign investment.
Crude oil and natural gas production account for approximately 65% of GDP and 95% of exports, with Japan as the primary export market. Per capita GDP is among the highest in the world, and substantial income from overseas investment supplements income from domestic hydrocarbon production.
Bruneian citizens do not pay personal income taxes, and the government provides free medical services and free education through the university level.
|Full name:||Brunei Darussalam|
|Capital:||Bandar Seri Begawan|
|Geographic coordinates:||4 30 N, 114 40 E|
|Time zone:||GMT +8|
|Land area:||5,265 sq km|
|Government type:||Absolute Monarchy|
|Head of State:||Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien|
|Population:||417,200 (2015 est.)|
|Main exports:||Crude oil
Liquified Natural Gas
|Gross Domestic Product 2016:||BND18.1 billion|
|GDP Growth 2016:||-2.5%|
|GDP Growth Q4 year-on-year 2016:||-3.6%|
|Unemployment rate:||6.9% (2014 survey)|
|Legal working age:||16 years old|
2. Gross Domestic Product
i. What is GDP?
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the final value of the goods and services produced within the geographic boundaries of a country during a specified period of time, normally a year. GDP growth rate is an important indicator of the economic performance of a country.
ii. Brunei’s GDP Annual Growth Rate
In the last quarter of 2016 (Q4 2016) Brunei recorded a GDP growth rate of -3.6% year-on-year. Overall GDP for 2016 was recorded at -2.5%. The annual GDP of Brunei was recorded at BND18.1 billion; a decline from BND18.6 billion in 2015.
a. GDP from Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery
GDP growth rate for agricultural endeavours recorded at an annual -3.6%. Most of the activities that made up this industry saw a decline except for Livestock and poultry which saw a growth of 2.1% from -12.0% in 2015. Biggest contributor to the negative growth rate was from Fishery activities(-12.9%).
Activities and their growth rates under this sector include:
|Vegetables, fruits & other agriculture||-0.4%||-1.6%|
|Livestock and poultry||-12.0%||2.1%|
b. GDP from Industry
The Industry sector recorded the annual GDP decline of -2.9%. The decline was mainly associated with the decrease of the Manufacture of food and beverage products recorded at -9.5%, Contruction at -6.5% and Other manufacturing at -6.4%.
On the other hand, Electricity and water saw a growth to 4.8%.
The activities and growth rate of the industry sector are:
|Oil and gas mining||-1.1%||-3.6%|
|Manufacture of liquefied natural gas and methanol||2.7%||-0.3%|
|Manufacture of wearing apparel & textiles||3.0%||-2.3%|
|Manufacture of food and beverage products||2.1%||-9.5%|
|Electricity and water||2.8%||4.8%|
c. GDP from Services
Growth rate was recorded at -1.6%. The biggest contributors are transport services: Land (-10.0%) and Others (-15.2%), and a big decline by Air transport (0.9% from 17.6%) and Education services (-4.7% from 14.4%). Communication (3.5%) and Finance (9.6%) saw an increase in growth rate.
Activities and growth rates are for the services sector are:
|Wholesale and retail trade||0.9%||-3.5%|
|Other transport services||-15.6%||-15.2%|
|Real estate & ownership of dwellings||2.9%||1.9%|
|Other private services||-2.5%||-7.8%|
|Government Services/Public Administration||-5.6%||-2.7%|
3. Inflation Rate
i. What is Inflation?
Inflation is defined as a sustained increase in the general level of prices for goods and services in a county, and is measured as an annual percentage change. Generally speaking, inflation means your money can buy less things in the future than it can today. A negative inflation is referred to as a deflation.
ii. Brunei Inflation Rate
Consumer Prices in Brunei declined to -0.2% year-on-year in February 2017. Though the cost of clothing surged by 2.6%, the downward pressure came from prices of other items particularly Heath by (-1.7%), Communications (-1.3%) and Restaurants and hotels (-1.2%).
|Consumer Price Items||Price difference Feb 2017 compared to Feb 2016|
|Food And Non-Alcoholic Beverages||-0.6%|
|Clothing And Footwear||2.6%|
|Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas And Other Fuels||-0.3%|
|Furnishings, Household Equipment And Routine Household Maintenance||0.2%|
|Recreation And Culture||-0.4%|
|Restaurants And Hotels||-1.2%|
|Miscellaneous Goods And Services||0.6%|
- The Labour Force Survey in 2014 found from the total working age population of 310,514, 6.9% were unemployed and about 12.5% of the working age population were underutilized.
- The majority of the nation’s workforce are employed as sales and service staff (19.5%) and professionals (17%). Public administration showed to be the biggest employer (26.2%).
- In March 2016, the number of unemployed persons in Brunei came to about 10,073, continuing the trend of declining unemployment. This is possibly due to government initiatives over the years to increase employability or possibly people who found employment outside of Brunei. Nevertheless, this would put Brunei unemployment rate at 3.2% but without an official survey, this value is speculating at best.